Africa Teens Summit 2021
November 11th, 2021
In-Person and Online

We are incredibly proud of this journey that began in 2020!
With 6 events, 27 speakers, 6 certified cohort members, 23 countries represented and counting, we are happy to announce that Africa Teens Summit 2021 will be held in Ghana! The future of the next generation of Africans is so bright and we are grateful to be a part of this moment. 
This will be a physical event with Covid-19 protocols fully observed. We really can't wait to tell you more. If you will like to partner/sponsor with us or speak at the Summit- please Email us. The speakers, performers and the registration link to attend the event will be shared soon.



Habibat Ogunbanwo (Profile Photo) (1).jpg


Olympic Swimmer

Habibat Ogunbanwo is an Olympic Swimmer and current International
Swimming Federation (FINA) Scholarship Holder. She currently trains in
Kazan, Russia and hopes to be an inspiration for future and upcoming
Nigerian swimmers. At the age of 17 years old, Habibat was the only swimmer to represent Nigeria in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics held a few months ago in which she broke the Nigerian record and became the first Nigerian woman swimmer to finish the 100m freestyle in under one minute. In her spare limited time, she enjoys to read and bake!


Author and Activist

Zulaikha Patel is an anti-racism and social justice activist, author and international speaker.

She first grabbed the world's attention when she became the symbol of the fight against institutionalized racism at Pretoria High School for Girls, at the age of 13 she Co-Led a protest at Pretoria High School For Girls against institutionalized racism in schools in South Africa and the decolonization of policies in schools, among the policies was the hair policy. Which was followed by several protests across South Africa in schools such as Lawson Brown High School and many others.

She is a vibrant, young and unapologetic agent of change who advocates for the elimination of racism, racial and social justice.



Poet, Philanthropist and Writer

Nakeeyat Dramani Sam is a 9years Award-winning Poet, Young Peace Ambassador, Philanthropist, a writer (Written Nakeeyat trees for life book) and the winner of Talented Kids Season 10.


Girl Education Activist

Jana is an Egyptian-American activist known for advocating for girls' education and women's empowerment. She began her activism career by narrating the reality of Muslim women. Jana works closely with the Collateral Repair Project, an NGO which is based in Jordan supporting the rights of refugee girls and women. She is changing the narrative around Muslim women.



Philanthropist, Child Activist and Inspirational Speaker

Stacey Fru is the current face of the African Union (AU) and International Labour Organisation’s (ILO) 2021 International Campaign for the Elimination of Child Labour #EndChildLabour. She is a 14 year old South African International Multiple Award-Winning Child Author and Activist. She wrote her first book “Smelly Cats” at age 7 and have since dedicated a portion of her life to reach out, to inspire and edutain people of various ages across the world. One of her books is available in Braille and Daisy formats. Stacey run The Stacey Fru Foundation that reach out to donate books, food, computers and other items to children and care homes across South Africa. Through her foundation, she also honour other African children who are impacting their communities by awarding them during The Annual African Children of the Year Awards held every November in South Africa.



16 years old Rizvan Men started dancing when she was 9 and never stopped since. It has been a passion and a profession in the years forward.
She got her first ever music video gig when she was 15. That was when she decided that she wanted to make a living out of this career in the future.
Although it’s a second priority, school being first, she does not see herself doing anything else in her adult years.

Rizvan (1).jpg
image2 (1).jpeg


Model, stylist and event planner

Michael Angelo Kwasi Taylor is a model, stylist, event planner and promoter/host for Cloud9 rooftop bar and club. He is an award-winning model, and he loves it when his work inspires others to want to take up modelling as a career, especially in the part of the world he comes from seeing as such a profession isn’t valued very much.

 He was born in Accra, Ghana to a Liberian mother and a Ghanaian father but grew up in different parts of Europe mainly England and France. He enjoys playing sports and love music and movies.



Michelle was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, on the 23rd of December 2008 as the 3rd child in a family of 4 . Michelle started her educational life in 2010 in Johannesburg. At the age of 4 years, Michelle was already showing great interest in reading and started reading at the later part of this age. Her interest in reading increased with her reading thicker books at the age of 5 – 6 years. As a child and youth activist/advocate and philanthropist across Africa and the globe, her passion to empower other children and youth through education, literacy and beyond led her to start the Michelle Nkamankeng Foundation in November 2016 after her emotionally touching visit to the Township in Johannesburg in September 2016. Through her foundation, she has been able to give motivational/Inspirational talks to pupils in many schools, churches, conferences, seminars of all kind of audience in & around South Africa as well as workshops and donating books and other items to young ones and having partnerships with other organisations.



Model and Kidpreneur

Mimy is a 12 years old professional print, runway and fashion model, Basketball prodigy, Kidpreneur and the CEO of fabtastic brands in Uganda. She has won so many awards including the recently concluded Little Miss Africa-Uganda 2021/22.



 Iyene is 15 year old junior amateur golfer. She was born on May 17, 2006 in NY, USA. Iyene is a highly driven, talented junior, handicap 5.5 amateur golf prodigy and currently Nigeria’s #1 girls’ under 18 golfer. Iyene started playing golf at the age of 5 and began representing Nigeria at tender age of 11. She was ranked 188 (over 2,000 juniors) in the World Junior Golf Series, Dec 2017 ranking.

Iyene attends the Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut USA. She is currently in 10 th grade. She loves STEM; her favorite subjects are Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science, Biology French, and English. She plays varsity Golf

and junior varsity at Taft School.

Iyene’s exposure to International Golf Competitions began at age 9, when she participated at the US Kids Golf Championship in Scotland in 2015. Since 2015, she has participated in 20 tournaments - 6 local and 14 international and has won many trophies.



Community builder and gender equality advocate

Rania Harrara is an 18-year-old youth political leader, a community builder, and an outspoken advocate for gender equality in sports and peace-building in SWANA.
At the age of 14, she founded AFFC, an organization that aims to empower young girls to engage in football. As a Girl Up leader, Rania shared her story of empowering girls in sports in a video format at the Girl Hero Awards, lead an Inspire session at the Girl Up Leadership Summit about gender equality in sports, and interviewed in Arabic Alia Almansoori at the Girl Up Leadership Summit Tour MENA 1st Edition. Due to her work and experience in helping refugees, Rania got selected to represent Morocco at the UNHCR Young champions focus group.

shutterstock_697473703 (2).png




An Instagram Live Series conversation with African teenagers about fashion and beauty. 

Fashion and beauty are constantly changing ideas. It is now more diverse than it has ever been. Our society heavily promotes beauty and fashion norms, particularly through the media, which tells us how we should all appear. Many people are unsatisfied with their appearance in the mirror as a result of beauty ideas.


The goal of this conversation is to inspire a movement of teenagers defining fashion and beauty for themselves, others, and the future generation by how they live. It is our hope that as a result of this conversation, teenagers across the continent are enlightened, educated and inspired to be leaders in their community. From our teen speakers to our teen host, this edition will be attended by teenagers across the continent.

This edition's theme is tagged “Refining Fashion and Beauty Standard” and is scheduled to hold on the 8th of September 2021 by 12noon West Africa Time. In this edition, we will be spotlighting personal fashion and beauty standards, fashion and beauty standards in the 21st century and refining & redefining the fashion and beauty standards.

This conversation is a collaboration with Africa Teens Summit and @BellaNaijaStyle. 



Model, Designer, Artist

Sheilah Sheldone is a 12 years old artist. She discovered her talent in painting when she was five years old. She is a painter, model and singer. Most of the time, she models outfits that she designed herself with little help from other professional designers. She has been honoured with several awards as an artist. Recently, she was awarded with the Young, Gifted and Black Entrepreneurial Award 2021 Nina Simone Artistic Excellence award Artistry & Design Artistic Excellence. The award was presented to her in February 2021 in New York, which I collected in person. She has also been awarded others such as the Global Child Prodigy Award in 2020,  Global Child Achievers award, Most Promising Talent in Kenya both in 2020 among other awards.



An Instagram Live Series conversation with African teenagers about sports. 

Playing sports teaches teens a lot of skills, both athletic and otherwise. Teenagers in sports today thrive on competition and playing to win. Some other teenagers just want sport to be fun, social and a bit of a stress relief Many teenagers aren’t not interested in sport because it is too competitive or because it takes them away from doing the things they love like hanging out with their friends. 

The goal of this conversation is to inspire a movement of teenagers defining sports and how they thrive in it. It is our hope that as a result of this conversation, teenagers across the continent are enlightened, educated and inspired to be leaders in their community. From our teen speakers to our teen host, this edition will be attended by teenagers across the continent. 

This edition's theme is tagged “Teens Thriving in Sports and it is scheduled to hold on Thursday 10th September 2021 by 12 noon West Africa Time. In this edition, we will be spotlighting changing the mindset in sports, choosing your type of sports and also exploring your performance.

This conversation is a collaboration with Africa Teens Summit and Organised basket Ball (OBN) Academy




Vanessa Anazodo is a 15-year-old female who attends OBN academy. She is from Anambra State although she is currently based in Lagos, Nigeria. She will be resuming September 13th as a tenth grader in GreenSprings school, Lekki. With her fun-loving, spontaneous personality, she tends to ride high and shine bright in every aspect. When it comes to hobbies, she needs not profess her love for basketball as she wears it on her sleeves. This girl will stop at nothing to be recognized as the best female basketball player of her generation. If that isn't passion at its peak, we don't know what is.



Ayejunikanwa  Tobiloba is a 6”1 tall teenager who is a basketball player. He graduated from British international school, Lekki.
He is a shooting guard at the OBN Basketball Academy.



An Instagram Live Series conversation with African teenagers about technology. 

Technology serves as a catalyst for societal transformation in any successful country. Its function in community’s development is to offer people in the greater community power, a voice and also gives citizens the ability to shape their own future.

The goal of this conversation is to inspire a movement of teenagers to understand the opportunities in tech and how it can positively shape our society and future. It is our hope that as a result of this conversation, teenagers across the continent are enlightened, educated and inspired to be leaders in their community.

This edition’s theme is tagged “Using Technology to Advance and Build Society” and is scheduled to hold on Tuesday 7th September 2021 by 3 PM West Africa Time. In this edition, we will be spotlighting technology advancement and building society with technology. This conversation is a collaboration with Africa Teens Summit and Techcabal.

IMG-20210907-WA0017 (1).jpg


Tech Enthusiast

Tella-Ndanusa Oluwatobi is an SS3 student at Silverdale School Lagos. He was born on the 21st of April, 2005 and currently lives in Lagos.

Being the only child living with his mom without a phone to talk to friends or play games on, he was bored almost although the 6 months lockdown in the year 2020 and decided to look for something to study.

He is interested in almost everything that has to do with computers.

He loved playing games and couldn’t do so because he had neither a console nor a gaming laptop.
He decided to research about building PCs so he would one day be able to build his own. He watched hundreds of videos on building PCs and boasted to his friends about it.

One day his friend got the parts needed to build a pc and asked him for help, he used his knowledge from watching countless videos on building a Pc and applied that knowledge and was able to build the Pc successfully with almost zero to no problem.

He hopes his next build will be his own and aspires to be able to build more because he has a passion for it.



A conversation with African teens about human rights, advocacy, activism, #EndSARS, #ShutItAllDown, #CongoIsBleeding, #AmINext and #ChildTrafficking.

What is really going on in the continent of Africa? How does this concern teenagers? What should I know about our collective human rights? How do I protect my mental health with all that’s happening?

This edition theme is tagged "Our collective human right”.

On the continent, there are a lot of conversations currently had. We believe that it important for us to spotlight them as much as we can however from the perspective that concerns our community – teenagers. It is our hope that as a result of this conversation teenagers on the continent are more enlightened, educated and inspired to be leaders in their community. From our teen speakers to our teen host, this edition is a must-attend for teenagers around the continent of Africa.

In this edition, we will be spotlighting 5 conversations around the continent. They are #EndSARS in Nigeria, #ShutitAllDown in Namibia, #CongoIsBleeding in Congo, #AmINext in South Africa and #ChikdTrafficking in Ghana and Ivory Coast.

This conversation is a collaboration with Africa Teens Summit and BellaNaija. It is brought to you in partnership with United Nations Information Centre Lagos and NGYouths SDG.

Stacey Fru.jpg


Award-Winning Child Author, Philanthropist, Activist and Public Speaker

An International Multiple Award-Winning Child Author named a Global Child Prodigy this 2020. She is a Philanthropist, Activist and Public Speaker who was honoured by the Egyptian President as one of 5 Most Promising African Youths in 2019. The now 13-year-old has dedicated a portion of her life to reach out and to inspire and edutain people of various ages across the world. With over 22 Awards and Recognitions, Stacey Fru has published 5 Chapter Books and still writing. A special attribute about Stacey’s writings is that one of her books is available in Braille, and Blind SA has adopted one of her short stories as their reading for World Read Aloud Day 2020.

IMG_2924 (1).jpg


Advocate for children’s rights and gender equality

Michael Tetteh Doku is a passionate, goal-oriented individual, in addition to being a Digital Engagements Associate, and Rural Education & Library Coordinator with Surge Digital and Verdant Global respectively, he has been a volunteer and  advocate for children’s rights and gender equality since he was 14. His core focus is on the development of humanity right from the home and community level, as well as Africa’s continent as a whole.
Michael believes every human deserves an equal opportunity to achieve personal growth and development, because that is the surest way of attaining well-developed and sustainable societies.  He loves music, art of all forms, and enjoys ad hoc conversations



Youth leader, award winning speaker, and MC

Known for her razor sharp and professional versatility, international award winning speaker, MC and youth leader Bertha Tobias has wide-reaching experiencing strategic socio-political relations and youth development. Bertha, who lives by applying herself fully to every learning opportunity, is deeply driven by her desire to use her education to propel her community forward, while blazing new trails and shattering new ceilings for everyone who is to follow after her. She is a graduate of the United World College Changshu China, and is currently pursuing her post-secondary education at Claremont Mckenna College in California.

photo of me for summit.jpg


Student and Singer

Priscilla Toko is a Congolese-Angolan who lives in the United Kingdom. She is currently studying psychology at the university, because she believes God gave her a passion for mental health in children and adults. She leads worship and plays 3 instruments including; violin, piano and guitar. She is always eager to learn and develop her creative abilities and she  is very vocal about her opinions.



Motivational Speaker and Podcaster

Temitope Johnson is a 14-year-old Motivational Speaker/Podcaster. He loves helping you to unlock the potential of your mind and making positivity Go viral while PUSHING YOU FURTHER. He is an avid learner and teacher who loves to learn from people from different works of life in order to be able to pass on and use the information. He is also a Guitarist and an Inventor in the Robotic space.




Oluwatomisin Favour Orawusi is a 17 year old Nigerian currently studying Economics at Coventry University in the UK. She is passionate about cooking, baking, business and Economics. She hopes to be a renowned entrepreneur and a policy maker who will advocate for change in Nigeria. She believes that all youths should have strong voices in current and political affairs relating to their countries and continents.





Certified Financial Education Instructor

Vanessa Adekoya is a Certified Financial Education Instructor, Accountant and Personal Finance Content Creator with a significant YouTube audience and a growing Instagram following.

Prior to diving into the world of financial literacy, Vanessa worked within the Global Project Management Office of CBRE (the world’s largest real estate investment services firm) as well as PwC, one of the Big 4 Accounting firms. Both based in Dallas, Texas.

She currently sits at the intersection of finance and impact as she nurtures an education and media consulting firm that focuses on leveraging the power of storytelling to alleviate gender-based wealth disparities.

She is a friend to many, mentor to few and wife to an amazing husband.



Presenter and Founder Young Gifted Initiative

Bisi Akins is a presenter, host and founder of social enterprise ‘Young Gifted Initiative’ (YGI). 

She has hosted various events across the UK & Africa covering everything from music, hair & beauty, entertainment, corporate engagements to charitable causes.

She is the creator of SELF:I:E (Self Image Enhanced), a service created to teach women the importance of Self Worth, Self Identity & Self Image. She aims to create a strong community of women who wear their best SELF:I:E always.

Her charismatic vibe and relatable personality allows her voice to transcend across multiple audiences. Her passion for realness and transparency makes her platform a safe space that is not only inspiring but also admiral.

Bisi Akins represents everything African in the Diaspora, Entertainment, Fashion, Culture & Lifestyle. 

Navalayo Osembo.jpg


Co-Founder and CEO of Enda Athletic, Inc

Navalayo Osembo @navalayo.o is the Co-Founder and CEO of Enda Athletic, Inc. Osembo is a graduate of the London School of Economics and has worked internationally, including in the US, UK, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Kenya where she utilizes her diverse skills as an accountant, a lawyer, risk manager, and in international development.

She is from a town near Eldoret, Kenya that has produced generations of the world’s greatest distance runners. Prior to creating Enda Athletic Inc., Osembo started a sports academy in Bungoma, Western Kenya to provide sports proteges from disadvantaged backgrounds access to much-needed professional training without compromising their education.

In order to maximize social impact in Kenya through sports, Osembo teamed up with her Co-Founder to create Enda Athletic Inc., a made-in-Kenya running shoe brand that creates jobs, invests in local communities, and spurs economic development through exports.

Navalayo @navalayo.o will be speaking at the Africa Teens Summit on the following topic: "How I started a global shoe company in Kenya"

0F7A9727 (1).jpg


Creative Director of @eopstudios

Emmanuel Oyeleke, a visual artist, Tech Enthusiast and the Creative. Director of @eopstudios, the brand started out in 2012 and since contributed immensely to the growth of the fashion, art and commercial photography industry in Nigeria and Africa.

Emmanuel Oyeleke has won several awards in Nigeria and Africa including Future Awards Prize for Photography 2018 and The ASFA Fashion Photographer of the year (Africa) 2018, Fashions Finest Award for Fashion Photographer of the year 2019 and many others.

His portfolio includes editorials for some of the country’s most distinguished designers including Deola Sagoe, Ejiro Amos Tafiri, OUCH Couture, Grey Velvet, Chidinma Obairi, Orange Culture, TW Magazine, Genevieve Magazine, Schick Magazine, WOW Magazine and many more. Works for other brands include Coca Cola, Zaron Cosmetics, GTBank, Black Opal Nigeria, Samsung, Williston Northampton School, Unilever, Hairfinity USA, Darling Nigeria.

Notable commissions and collaborations include Martell, Jameson, Absolut, Canon, Tecno Mobile, Mitsubishi Motors and UNICEF. I am in love with finding simple solutions to complex problems – a trait I developed while growing, I loved to fix whatever was broken, from transistor radios, to television sets and even cars. Later on in life, I found fulfilment in developing computer applications as a computer programmer, which I excelled at until my passion for photography took me over.

Emmanuel has taught photography masterclasses to aspiring photographers, sharing his hard earned experience and mentoring a new generation of self taught innovators. His photography work predominantly reflect elements of Art, Fashion, Beauty and Documentary photography.

He is committed to empowering youths and imparting knowledge and also organized a number of successful workshops and masterclasses and has also taught at the Canon academy and held canon webinars a number of times.

Emmanuel Oyeleke @emmanueloyeleke will be speaking to us this Saturday at Africa Teens Summit on the topic: How I Built My Photography Business In Nigeria.

africa teens summit logo


Africa Teens Virtual Summit is a gathering of the continent’s remarkable teenagers changing their community, the motherland continent and the world for good. It brings together the brightest teen inventors, innovators, advocates, entrepreneurs, entertainment personalities, sport and technology personalities to share ideas that will transform the continent of Africa positively. This was created to inspire, motivate and educate.

African Teens Summit is the brainchild of Mercy Akamo, whose vision is to spotlight, mobilize, and engage 10,000 African teenagers to be involved in their communities. 



dj switch ghana.jpg


Disk Jockey

The power-house that is DJ Switch Ghana already has the resume college counselors dream about at age 11. Erica Armah-Bra Bulu Tandoh began turning tables at just age nine, but doesn't let her parents, teachers, CNN, BBC or France24 forget that being a DJ is just the beginning of her goals. This Ghanaian hopes to eventually become a gynecologist and help women around the world; now in junior high, appearing on TV, hanging out with Emmanuel Macron at the UN General Assembly, and performing original music alongside people like Wyclef Jean, doesn't stop her from her education as she makes sure everything is always organized. She recently founded The DJ Switch Foundation, advocating for quality education, adequate health care, gender equality and sustainable development. She is "small but mighty" has never been more applicable. As a DJ, an advocate and a child, DJ Switch continues to remind the music industry how to use their voice for change and "switch it up to happiness." 
Her most recent award is the 100 Top Child Prodigy award 2020. 
Below are some links from her most recent appearance at the World Bank, Women's Conference in Vancouver, as well as the Room to Read charity event in NYC.



Richard Yusuff is a founding member of the Critic Company. Doubles as the continuity supervisor and actor. At 14, he has appeared in more than 10 short films and has appeared in the Video Unbreakable by the American Punk Rock band.
The critic company is a multimedia/ visual effect and entertainment company based in Kaduna Nigeria. Founded in 2015 by a group of teenagers who’s desire to make a difference in the Nigerian movie scene led them to begin to make their own sci-fi films with their smartphones and basic DIY equipment that later caught the eyes of the world in 2019.

Richard Yusuff.jpg


Co-Built a plane

Agnes Keamogetswe Seemela is a game changer in the making. She is always trying to push the limit. In 2019, she was part of a group of amazing South African teenagers that built an aircraft in three weeks that flew from Cape Town to Cairo. She is also a field honey fanatic.


Singer and Songwriter

Uyiosa Elyeke Eworo known as Ellie Scotte is a singer, songwriter and student. She is from Cross-river state in Nigeria. She is currently a student of Caleb University, where she's studying for her BSc. in Cyber Security. 
She is a Christian, which is evident in and through her art. She released an EP in October 2019 titled "Covered", which can be found on various sound platforms. She has performed at various live and virtual events. 
Apart from music she loves meeting people and lighting up a room with her charismatic charm and smile. She loves dancing, going out and taking pictures, especially with her family and friends.



Motivational Speaker

In the age of trolling, bullying, and negativity being uploaded to social media on a daily basis Nyeeam Hudson, also known as King Nahh, is a breath of fresh air, showing the next generation that you can achieve your dreams at a very young age. Helping children overcome bullying, developing self-love and confidence-building are some of the daily messages Nyeeam shares on his social media platforms. In addition to his social media presence this young international speaker and author takes his messages around the world to places like Tanzania, Namibia, Dubai, Mexico and Canada. While impacting millions of lives he has appeared on the Good Morning America segment ‘Motivational Monday’, Dr. Oz, Steve Harvey’s Little Big Shots, and has been named the ‘Most Motivational Kid in America’ by Forbes Magazine. Nyeeam believes with all the pressures and anxieties children experience today, all it takes is for one example to be a domino effect for children all around the world. "They need to be encouraged. They need to be loved. They need to be cared for. Life will never be picture perfect; and yes things will happen. Don't let your setbacks define you. This is your opportunity to stand-up and allow your story to motivate and inspire."


Best Selling Author + Founder of U-dream Global

Megan Werner is 18 years old but she has achieved so many things at her young age. 
At the age of 13 she wrote her very own book called “It’s up to me -7 ways to make a difference” 
Shortly after, the book was translated into Russian, became a bestseller and she started doing inspirational speaking right around the world places like Russia, Kazakhstan, America and Canada.  
In 2019 Megan founded a project called U-dream global where 20 teenagers build an aircraft and selected teenagers then flew it from Cape Town to Cairo. 
Megan is currently busy with both her commercial fixed wing as well as drone pilots license. 
Her motto in life is “if you don’t like your results, change your actions”



Climate Activist

Vanessa Nakate is a climate activist from Uganda. She was the First Fridays For Future climate activist in Uganda and founder of the Rise up Climate Movement in order to amplify the voices of activists from Africa. Her work includes raising awareness to the danger of climate change, the causes and the impacts. She spear led the campaign, Save Congo rain forest which is facing massive deforestation. This campaign later spread to other countries from Africa to Europe. She is working on a project that involves the installation of solar and institutional stoves in schools.



Dune Tilley is a 20-year-old fashion and documentary photographer and creative with a love for taking pictures and pretty things.
According to The Radar,“As a rising star it comes as no surprise that he’s made it onto our list of the next generation of influencers set to dominate the creative class across Africa. While on the road to mastering both fashion and documentary photography, Dune still makes time for music. Multitalented and self-assured, the future is bright with him in control.”




Meet our founder +  get to know what to expect during this summit.


Immerse yourself in all our specially selected speakers talks + learn something new + get inspired.


Meet other amazing teenagers who are excited about transforming the continent of Africa for good + keep the conversation going





BN-Full-Logo (1).png


turog logo.png


NGYouthSDGs Logo (1).png


OBNLogo_Full (1) (1).png




bellanaija-style-logo-01 (1).png



Thanks for submitting!